Coffee

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Coffee is liked by millions of folks around the globe. It has a lovely and a strong flavor in the mouth. It is an excellent beverage inspired over the years. Coffee is the most admired sizzling drink nowadays. Coffee is perhaps the utmost resource of antioxidants in the universal diet. Coffee rejuvenates the mind and can make anyone sense recovery almost instantly.

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General Description

Coffee is liked by millions of folks around the globe. It has a lovely and a strong flavor in the mouth. It is an excellent beverage inspired over the years. Coffee is the most admired sizzling drink nowadays. Coffee is perhaps the utmost resource of antioxidants in the universal diet. Coffee rejuvenates the mind and can make anyone sense recovery almost instantly. Coffee is an important export product. Coffee can supply to a healthy, balanced diet when inspired fairly.

A coffee bean is the kernel of the coffee plant and is the foundation for coffee. It is the kernel inside the red or purple fruit usually referred to as a cherry or berry. The coffee seeds consist mostly of endosperm.

The two most significant category of coffee plant are the Arabica and the Robusta, 75 – 80% of the coffee produced internationally is Arabica and 20% is Robusta. Arabica seeds consist of 0.8-1.4% caffeine and Robusta seeds consist of 1.7-4% caffeine. Arabica beans create a rich, smooth, aromatic coffee flavor, while Robusta coffee has a strong, abrasive flavor with many people.

The unroasted or undeveloped coffee seeds are called green coffee beans. These are processed by wet or dry techniques for eradicating the external pulp and mucilage, and have an intact wax layer on the outer surface, undeveloped seeds are green and developed seeds are brown to yellow or reddish shade.

The process of turning green coffee beans into coffee powder

Blending – Selecting the right beans for blending to produce a high quality, distinguishing soluble coffee.
Roasting – A light roast gives a mild taste, a medium roast produces a well-rounded, rich flavor and aroma, and a high roast gives a strong, distinctive flavor.
Grinding – The roasted coffee beans are then grounded.
Extraction – The grounded coffee is put into extraction – extracting the coffee flavor, aroma and colour from the grounded coffee into hot water.
Drying – soluble coffee is produced by drying the extracted liquor. Drying is done in one of the two ways – Spray drying or freeze drying.
Agglomeration – Soluble coffee granules are produced from the powder produced by spray-drying by a process called agglomeration.
Aromatization – In the NESCAFÉ range, the beautiful aroma of freshly ground coffee is captured during the grinding process, and added back to the coffee just before it is filled into jars.
Filling – The soluble coffee powder or granules are filled into glass jars or sachets. Filling is carried out in an inert gas atmosphere, to prevent any deterioration of the flavor or aroma of the coffee during storage.
Decaffeination – Caffeine is a mild stimulant which occurs naturally in coffee. Here the
caffeine is removed.

Health Benefits

1. Mental Performance – Depending on level of intake, caffeine can help to improve mental performance, especially on alertness, attention and concentration.
2. Sleep – The stimulant effects of caffeine may affect sleep patterns. Intake late in the day may help improve sleep patterns.
3. Neurodegenerative Disorders – Habitual coffee consumption may help maintain cognitive function in adults.
4. Sports Performance – Caffeine has an ergogenic effect, improving capacity to do work or exercise, where it increases the blood flow to the heart and muscles
5. Fluid Balance – Drinking coffee, does not lead to dehydration.
6. Blood pressure – consumption of caffeinated coffee has hardly any long term effect on blood pressure and does not increase the risk of hypertension.
7. Cholesterol – coffee may have an impact on cholesterol, the cholesterol raising components of coffee are largely retained in the paper used to filter coffee. Therefore soluble coffee has virtually none of the cholesterol raising compounds.
8. Liver – Moderate coffee consumption may reduce the risk of developing a range of liver diseases, such as liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, fatty liver disease and HepatitisC.
9. Coffee consumption may reduce the risk of developing cancer at a number of body sites such as oral cavity, endometrium, brain colon and rectum.
10. Prevent diabetes

Fun Facts

– According to many historians, coffee was first discovered by a herd of goats. An Ethiopian herder discovered a bean making his goats crazy in 9th century which was later termed as coffee beans.
– Coffee can kill you if the amount exceeds the safety limit. The lethal dosage of coffee for an adult is 100 cups of processed coffee drink. So be careful
-Some researches revealed that coffee beans may replace fossil fuel and work in motor engines in next centuries.
– Once a coffee-lover made a world record of consuming coffee. He drank 82 cups of coffee in 7 consecutive hours. WOW!!

Countries that specialize in Coffee

Srilanka
Brazil
Colombia
Guatemala
Ethiopia

Nutrition Information

Nutritional profile of 100mls of Coffee

MicronutrientsComposition per 100ml
Micronutrients:
Sodium
Composition per 100ml:
Trace
Micronutrients:
Potassium
Composition per 100ml:
92mg
Micronutrients:
Magnesium
Composition per 100ml:
8mg
Micronutrients:
Manganese
Composition per 100ml:
0.05mg
Micronutrients:
Riboflavin
Composition per 100ml:
0.01mg
Micronutrients:
Niacin
Composition per 100ml:
0.7mg

A standard cup of coffee provides almost 80 – 100mg caffeine.