The botanical name for pepper is “Piper Nigrum’’. It belongs to the Piperaceae family. Pepper is traditionally identified as the “King of all spices”. There are different kinds of pepper such as green pepper, black pepper and white pepper. In Sri Lanka pepper is grown mostly in hilly areas like Nuwara Eliya, kegalle, kurunegala, Kandy, and Matale. It is also grown in home gardens.
Pepper is the World’s most dealt spice. It is the most widely used spice all over the world. It is used as a seasoning. It is the most piquant and enticing spice of all spices. A pinch of pepper is supplemented to almost every type of gastronomy.
Pepper comes from the berries of the pepper plant. The berries of the pepper plant are known as peppercorns. It is mainly cultivated for its fruit.
Pepper is made by picking the peppercorns when they are partially developed and about to turn crimson. Then they are left to dry which causes them to wither and develop into dark in color. Pepper plant is a soft trailing plant that can reach up to 33 feet in hot and damp humid atmosphere. They commence to bear small white bunches of flowers after 3 to 4 years and grow up into peppercorns. It is the grounded peppercorns that fabricate the spice we call pepper. Pepper gets its peppery flavor from the piperine compound, which is found in the external fruit and in the kernel.
- Cold Tamer – it contains chemicals that irritate your mucus membranes giving you a runny nose to help clear out your nasal passages.
- Effective against cancer – The phytochemical piperine, present in pepper, restrains some of the pro-inflammatory cytokines that are produced by tumor cells. This interferes with the signaling mechanisms between cancer cells, as a result of which the chances of tumor progression get reduced.
- Sucking a few pepper corns provides instants relief from dry cough and throat irritation.
- Helps Digestion – Pepper signals the stomach to produce hydrochloric acid which is required to digest food. This prevents food from staying for too long in the stomach, and prevents stomach irritation and flatulence.
- Have great anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-oxidant properties.
- The outer layer of the peppercorn stimulates the breakdown of fat cells.
- Pepper reduces itching and discharges through the lesions when used in the form of local application on skin disorders.
- Headache and migraine – Pepper powder prepared in milk is used to remove the chronic headache. The same preparation can also be used as local application on fore head in the form of paste
- Black Pepper is extremely useful for respiratory disorders and asthma, it is suggested to give the mix of pepper powder in the dose of 500 mg along with honey, sugar and oil.
- Black pepper is also used in the weakness and loosening of the anal sphincter especially in case of piles.
Countries that specialize in pepper
- Vietnam(world largest producer and exporter of pepper)
- In the past pepper was mostly eaten by wealthy people because it was so expensive.
- In the middle ages a mans wealth was measured by his stock pile of pepper.
- Is used as a laundry aid, Sprinkle about a teaspoon of ground pepper per load of clothes, along with detergent, into your washing machine at the start of the wash cycle. It will drain away with the water, so there’s no extra cleanup.
- Pepper is an outstanding source of manganese
- A Very good source of iron
- Rich in vitamin K
- A good source of dietary fiber and copper
Recipe for Hot Pepper Jelly
Serves – 6
- 2/3 cup hot pepper
- 1 bell pepper
- 1 1/2 cups vinegar
- 6 cups sugar
- 8 ounces liquid Certo (2 packets)
- 1 teaspoon food coloring (red or green I use red for hotter jelly-green for milder jelly)
- Chop peppers and put in blender with vinegar
- Blend well and pour into large boiler
- Add sugar and mix well.
- Bring mixture to a boiling point
- Remove from heat, strain through sieve and return liquid back to a boil
- Boil for 5 minutes
- Remove from heat
- Add Certo and food coloring quickly
- Put into 6 jars and fasten
- Allow to cool completely before storing.